1914 Bugatti Type 23 Torpedo

The Type 23 was similar to the Type 13 as it shared much of the same design and componentry. Great handling, steering and braking capabilities were still the common theme. It was these qualities which helped the Type 13 win many hillclimbs and other racing events. Demand was growing for Bugatti to sell passenger cars with such performance. Their answer was the Type 22 and 23 which differed only in wheelbase over the racey Type 13.

The largest Bugatti built in 1914 was the Type 23 with a wheelbase of just 2.5 meters. In comparison to other models, the Type 23 was still much smaller than most luxury vehicles of the period. The expanded wheelbase opened the door to custom coachwork for the first time on a Bugatti. Many Type 22s and 23s featured oddball French and German bodies some of which were completely closed-top.

In 1914 both the old Type 15 and 17 where replaced with updated models named the Type 22 and 23. During this transition the car received reversed quarter-elliptic rear springs which were first seen on the Bugatti-designed Peugeot Bebe. Some minor changes were made to the oil delivery system in the cambox as well.

Pictures & Gallery

See full 1914 Bugatti Type 23 Torpedo Gallery here

Specs & Performance

engine Inline-4
position Front Longitudinal
aspiration Natural
valvetrain OHC 2 Valves per Cyl
displacement 1368 cc / 83.5 in³
bore 66 mm / 2.6 in
stroke 100 mm / 3.94 in
power 13.4 kw / 18.0 bhp @ 2500 rpm
specific output 13.16 bhp per litre
body / frame Steel over Steel Frame
driven wheels RWD
front tires 710×90
rear tires 710×90
f brake size mm / in
r brake size mm / in
f suspension Half Springs
r suspension Reversed Quarter Elliptic Springs
wheelbase 2550 mm / 100.4 in
front track 1150 mm / 45.3 in
rear track 1150 mm / 45.3 in
gear ratios :1
top speed ~95.0 kph / 59.0 mph