Formula One has a public responsibility to keep up with the times and help safeguard the future of the environment that is the view of FIA President Max Mosley as some far-reaching, cost-cutting changes are set to come into play over the next few years. "The tide of world opinion has turned, particularly with regard to global warming," he told reporters during a summit at BMW's Munich headquarters. "There is a distinct movement of public opinion everywhere. I think with the changes we're making we've just caught that tide. "If we hadn't done it now we'd have missed the tide, Formula One would have been left behind and eventually it would die because it would become less and less relevant. Formula One has to be in tune with the major manufacturers and in tune with society." The changes he refers to involve reining in grand prix racing's traditional avant-garde approach to technological advances, with alternative technologies such as energy recovery, heat recovery, fuel efficiency and bio fuels high on the new agenda. "When we were all accused of trying to dumb down Formula One by freezing the engines, in fact it was the exact reverse because making the engine go faster and faster is completely pointless," Mosley continued. "(What we are looking at now) are the latest high technologies as opposed to the technologies of the past. "When people talked of dumbing down, what we were really doing was moving away from the technology of the 20th century towards the technology of the 21st. It is only by doing that we can prevent Formula One starting to be labelled as a dinosaur. "The first cost-cutting is to eliminate the hunt for more expenditure, which was the hunt for more revs from the engine, costing millions of Euros. Collectively, the car manufacturers were spending more than a billion Euros a year on that. "Research on energy recovery and regenerative braking is already happening in the car industry, so there will only be a marginal difference between that and what will be needed in Formula One. Plus those components are inherently less expensive than engines, which have around 2,000 components. All-in-all you don't have to make enormous changes, there will be less expenditure and it will be industry relevant. "If you think about it in a very simple way, whether you have a three-litre engine that just burns the fuel and gives you 800 horsepower, or a two-litre engine that gives you 650hp, but the other 150 horsepower comes because you've found a clever way of re-using the heat from the engines and turning it into propulsive energy, then you have really achieved something. You have the best of both worlds. You've got exactly the same excitement, sound and feel of Formula One, but a proportion of the energy is generated with some very clever cutting-edge technology." Indeed, Mosley stressed retaining that excitement would be equally critical to the sport's future success, but dismissed any notion of a conflict between cutting costs and improving the show. "If you sit in the grandstand watching a 2010 Formula One car, you will not be able to tell the difference between that car and today's car," he added, "but you will know if you are someone who follows the technology that it has technology which makes that car extremely efficient." GPMA chairman and senior advisor to BMW's management board Burkhard Goeschel agreed with Mosley's contention that a different attitude towards technology must not mean removing the fun factor from the sport. "You don't want to forget the emotions," Professor Goeschel argued. "We have to look at all areas for reducing fuel consumption but also keeping the dynamics of Formula One. It might sound like a contradiction but it is not. (We need) to ensure that F1 is still dynamic, interesting, exciting and emotional but following the modern ideas of technology. "We have to take all these ideas and work out how to bring them into Formula One racing. Max said we are starting with energy recovery in 2009. As everyone already knows the engines are losing two-thirds of the energy by heat and one of the ideas is how do we bring that back? Not only the engine but also the drivetrain must be made very efficient. That is the outlook for the future. "The biggest spending we have in the car industry at the moment is on reducing CO2. Combining it in Formula One is new, but we, as a manufacturer, are very conscious about the subject and so is the FIA and we both feel that is the right way to step forward. Our understanding as a manufacturer is that Formula One is the pinnacle of technology and this is the modern way of Formula One. There might be some traditionalists that are a little bit surprised, but the changes are positive. "If Formula One, for us as manufacturers, is to make sense we have to show into which area technology should go to solve the problems of the future but also keep the fun of the racing. Without question we will have that."