1954 Ferrari 750 Monza
By 1954, Ferrari had already used four-cylinder engines for three years, but decided to enlarge the design to 3-liters for the 750 Monza. It typcially raced alongside the smaller 2-liter 500 Mondial and the V12-powered Ferraris which ran for overall victory.
It’s hard to believe Ferrari would ever replace the V12, but after the 1950 season in F1, a four cylinder was on the drawing board. Motivation came from HWMs driven by Stirling Moss that were powered by four-cylinder ALTA engines. The performance of this car and the upcoming 2-liter limit on engine capacity was influenced both Enzo Ferrari and designer Aurelio Lampredi to make their own four-banger.
For the 1951 season, Lampredi was given a the task to design a 2.0 and 2.5 four cylinder engines that used the same interchangeable parts. He was convinced that the low rpm torque curve would offer an advantage on twisty circuits. After 100 days, the first prototype engine was complete and ready. It had a DOHC, chain-driven valvetrain, 2 Weber 45 DOE carburettors, a light alloy casting and a displacement of 1985cc that could produce 170 bhp. This combination fit so well within the new Formula 2 rules that Ferrari and Alberto Ascari became world champions.
The first 750 Monzas arrived in 1954 with with Ferrari’s conventional steel tube chassis, using fully independent double wishbones up front and a De Dion axle with radius rods and transverse leaf springs at the rear. Braking was provided by oversize drums. They debuted at the ‘Gran Premio Supercortemaggiore’ at Monza where Gonzales/Trintignant took an overall victory. Afterwards the 3.0-liter became known as the Monza.
By 1956, Ferrari had reached the potential of the 4-cylinder by enlarging it even more for the 860 Monza. This helped the car achieve a 1-2 victory at the Sebring 12-Hours.
See full 1954 Ferrari 750 Monza Gallery here
|submitted by||Richard Owen|
|built at||Maranello, Italy|
|body stylist||Scaglietti & C.|
|coachbuilder||Scaglietti & C.|
|valvetrain||DOHC 2 Valves / Cyl|
|displacement||2999 cc / 183.0 in³|
|bore||103 mm / 4.06 in|
|stroke||90 mm / 3.54 in|
|power||186.4 kw / 250.0 bhp @ 6000 rpm|
|specific output||83.36 bhp per litre|
|bhp/weight||328.95 bhp per tonne|
|driven wheels||Front Engine / RWD|
|front brakes||Hydraulic Drums|
|rear brakes||Hydraulic Drums|
|steering||Worm & Wheel|
|curb weight||760 kg / 1676 lbs|
|length||2250 mm / 88.6 in|
|width||1278 mm / 50.3 in|
|height||1284 mm / 50.6 in|
|race victories||1954 Bahamas Cup|
Auction Sales History
1955 Ferrari 750 Monza 0498M – sold for €1,960,000 Finished 5th overall at the 1955 12 Hours of Sebring. Multiple 1st place finishes; campaigned by both Phil Hill and Carroll Shelby. Documented history by Marcel Massini. Early example of the three-litre, four-cylinder customer sports/racing cars. Recently restored to authentic Monza livery.
Auction Source: 2014 Paris by RM Auctions
1954 Ferrari 750 Monza 0462MD – sold for $3,700,000 3.0 Liter 4 cylinder racing engine maintained for years by GTO Engineering. Original engine and rebuilt spare gearbox included. Significant racing and complete known owner history back to original owner, Joe Kelly. Purchased by Jaguar in 1955 to determine why the 750 Monza was so competitive against the Jaguar D-Type then later sold to driver Peter Whitehead. Imported from Italy, US duty paid, offered on an Illinois title.
Auction Source: The Daytime Auction in Monterey by Mecum
1955 Ferrari 750 Monza Spider 0530M – sold for $4,070,000 Successful period racing history. Known, continuous ownership. Matching-numbers original engine. Ten consecutive years of participation in the Mille Miglia Storica. One of the most rewarding sports racers of the era.
Auction Source: 2013 Monterey Auction by RM Auctions
1954 Ferrari 750 Monza 0462MD – did not sell for $3,200,000
Equipped with 3.0 Liter 4 cylinder racing engine maintained for years by GTO Engineering. Gearbox: Tipo 501/279 No. 8 MD. Original engine and rebuilt spare gearbox included. Significant racing and complete known owner history back to original owner, Joe Kelly. Purchased by Jaguar in 1955 to determine why the 750 Monza was so competitive against the Jaguar D-Type then later sold to driver Peter Whitehead. Sir Jack Brabham acquired the car from Whitehead and imported it to Austrailia where it was raced until 1959. Formerly part of the Engelbert Stieger, Brandon Wang, Walter Burani and Roberto Crippa Collections. First time S/N 0462 MD will be offered at auction. Just arrived from long term ownership in Italy, US duties paid. Race car sold on bill of sale with proper documentation. Campaigned for many years at vintage racing events including the Mille Miglia, the Historic Grand Prix of Monaco and the Ferrari Maserati Historic Challenge.
Auction Source: 2012 Daytime Auction by Mecum
1955 Ferrari 750 Monza Spyder by Scaglietti 0502M – did not sell for €1,508,000 Multiple race-winning, ex-Ernie McAfee against the likes of Hill and Shelby. The sole 750 Monza Scaglietti Spyder built without a headrest. Raced from 1956-63 by Masten Gregory and luminaries. Restored in Modena to exact original specifications in 2000. Multiple concours award-winner 2003-2006, including Cavallino Classic, Amelia Island and The Quail. Ferrari Classiche certification.
Auction Source: 2011 London Auction by RM
1955 Ferrari 750 Monza Spyder 0492M – sold for $2,530,000 One of only 35 built, a matching-numbers example. Starring role in On the Beach, featuring Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner. Driven on screen by Fred Astaire. Brussels Motor Show car, 1955. Race-winning history, including John Von Neumann, Phil Hill, Harrison Evans. Two-year documented restoration.
Auction Source: 2011 Monterey Auction by RM
1955 Ferrari 750 Monza 0492M – sold for $1,107,000
Amongst available Ferrari 750 Monza sports-racing cars, this is, of course, a ‘matching numbers’ example – engine and chassis serials being identical. The famous customer-orientated 750 Monza sports-racing design of the mid-1950s is the kind of car which was campaigned energetically against such other supremely valuable contemporary designs as the Mercedes-Benz 300SLRs, D-Type Jaguars and Aston Martin DB3Ss.
This particular car’s allure is augmented by the fact that it has not only a long history of high-profile American ownership and use, but it can also boast the very special and rare cachet of having been a competition Ferrari which starred as-new in an International European motor show – the Brussels Salon of 1955. Since the late 1980s it has also been in the ownership of one of the best-known and most high-profile of all great European car collections, so the sum of all these factors presents a very special Ferrari here indeed…
Auction Source: 2006 Monterey Preview