1958→1963 Lotus Elite

1958→1963 Lotus Elite

The Lotus Elite, also known as the Type 14, was a fiberglass sports car that applied racing-car design to an ultra-light road car.

The revolutionary Elite body uses both fiberglass and fiberglass-reinforced plastic to form a monocoque tub . Just five large pieces form the complete car. The only structural metal is used in the front engine subframe and a roll-hoop which also provides the jacking points and attachments for the doors.

The monocoque material comes at a tradeoff as the fiberglass likes to flex and early versions of the Elite tended to crack around the suspension pickup points.

The near-absence of metal within the body provides for a extremely light-weight, nimble car. The Coventry-Climax FWE engine provides ample power and is seldom seen in other road-cars.

Lotus adapted much of its grand prix racing technology into the Elite. Beyond the weight, the Elite offered four-wheel independent suspension, discs all around (including inboard rear brakes) and a very low aerodynamic drag at 0.29Cd.

1958→1963 Lotus Elite

Compared to the other sports cars of the era, the Elite was ahead of its time. A heavy inclusion of race-inspired technology made both Lotus and owners of the car soon realize the costs involved. Maintenance was expensive and Lotus made every car at a loss. Despite this fact, over 1000 examples were made.

In 1960 Lotus released an SE model with twin SU carburetors, a new exhaust, XF manual transmission, Lucas P700 headlights and a silver painted roof. Racing variants included the Super 95, Super 100 and Super 105 which used Weber carburetors.

Many Elites were raced and the top accolade includes six class victories at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

1958→1963 Lotus Elite

In Detail

submitted by Richard Owen
type Series Production Car
production years 1958 – 1963
released at 1957 London Motor Car Show
built at England
coachbuilder Bristol Aircraft
price $ $ 4,780
engine Coventry Climax FWE, Water-Cooled, Alloy Inline-4
position Front Longitudinal
aspiration Natural
block material Aluminum
valvetrain SOHC, 2 Valves per Cyl
fuel feed Twin SU 1.5 Inch H4 Carburetors
displacement 1216 cc / 74.2 in³
bore 76.2 mm / 3.0 in
stroke 66.6 mm / 2.62 in
compression 10.0:1
power 70.8 kw / 95 bhp @ 7000 rpm
specific output 78.12 bhp per litre
bhp/weight 147.52 bhp per tonne
torque 101.7 nm / 75.0 ft lbs @ 4750 rpm
redline 7000
body / frame Fibreglass Monocoque
driven wheels RWD
wheel type 48 Spoke,Dunlop Wire Wheels
front tires 4.8×15 Pirelli Cintura
rear tires 4.8×15 Pirelli Cintura
front brakes Girling Discs w/Hydraulic Servo Assist
rear brakes Inboard Girling Discs w/Hydraulic Servo Assist
front wheels F 38.1 x 10.2 cm / 15 x 4 in
rear wheels R 38.1 x 10.2 cm / 15 x 4 in
steering Rack & Pinion
f suspension Double Wishbones w/Anti-Roll Bar, Co-Centric Coil Springs, Armstrong Telescopic Dampers, Anti-Roll Bar
r suspension Chapman Struts w/Lower Wishbone, Anti-Roll Bar, Co-Centric Coil Springs, Armstrong Telescopic Dampers, Anti-Roll Bar
curb weight 644 kg / 1420 lbs
wheelbase 2240 mm / 88.2 in
front track 1194 mm / 47.0 in
rear track 1224 mm / 48.2 in
length 3733 mm / 147.0 in
width 1486 mm / 58.5 in
height 1194 mm / 47.0 in
transmission BMC B-Series 4-Speed Manual
gear ratios 2.53:1, 1.71:1, 1.23:1, 1.00:1
final drive 4.22:1
top speed ~201.2 kph / 125 mph
0 – 60 mph ~11.4 seconds
drag 0.29 Cd