1988 Peugeot 405 T16 GR Pikes Peak

One of the most famous hillclimb cars in Pikes Peak history is the Peugeot 405 T16 driven by Ari Vatanen to record-winning time of 10:47:77.

This 405 was unique at the the time because of its four wheel steering a feature never before done in a rally or hillclimb car. It was based off the earlier 1987 Peugeot 205 T16 Pikes Peak which was too short for long, open hillclimbs.

The engineers with Peugeot used a carbon-kevlar version of the 405’s body overtop of a completely new chassis that made of sheet steel and tubular steel. The engine sat very low infront of the right rear wheel with the turbo charger on the opposite side.

The Grand Raid version of the car was originally built for the Paris-Dakar Rally and was modified with a huge rear wing and rear-wheel steering for its mountain-climb duty.

After it’s incredible debut at Pike Peak, Peugeot again returned and won the event outright in 1989 with driver Robby Unser.

In Detail

typeRacing Car
released at1988 Pikes Peak Hill Climb
built atFrance
engineXU 9T Inline-4
positionMid, Transverse
aspirationGarrett Turbocharger
ignitionThomson Ignition system
block materialAlloy
valvetrainDOHC, 4 Valves per Cyl
displacement1905 cc / 116.25 in³
bore83 mm / 3.3 in
stroke88 mm / 3.5 in
power447.4 kw / 600 bhp @ 7000 rpm
specific output314.96 bhp per litre
bhp/weight681.82 bhp per tonne
torque735 nm / 542.1 ft lbs @ 4500 rpm
body / frameCarbon Body on Steel Monocqoue w/Rear Subframe
driven wheels4WD
wheel type5-Spoke
front tires16
rear tires16
front brakesVentilated Discs
rear brakesVentilated Discs
front wheelsF 225 x 50 cm / 88.6 x 19.7 in
rear wheelsR 270 x 45 cm / 106.3 x 17.7 in
steering4-Wheel Rack & Pinion
f suspensionDouble Wishbones w/Twin Coil Springs
r suspensionDouble Wishbones w/Twin Coil Springs
curb weight880 kg / 1940 lbs
weight distro63 % / 37 %
wheelbase2888 mm / 113.7 in
front track1430 mm / 56.3 in
rear track1430 mm / 56.3 in
length4250 mm / 167.3 in
width1760 mm / -1.0 in
transmission6-Speed Manual
tran clutchCarbon Clutch
top speed~211 kph / 131.03 mph
fuel capacity35 litres or 9.24 gal.
key driversAri Vatanen
race victoriesPikes Peak International Hillclimb 1988