1990 BMW M3 Group A
One of the most successful Group A touring cars was the BMW M3 which had great success in DTM, the World Touring Car Championship, European Touring Car, British Touring Car, Italia Superturismo, and Australian Touring Car Championships.
After deciding to enter Touring Car and DTM racing, BMW supported a program for the E30 BMW in 1987. To satisfy homologation purposes 500 road-going examples of the car had to be produced. Later these cars became the most successful touring car from BMW.
Motorsport GmbH was resposible for the cars design and the normally-aspirated S14 engine was chosen by them. Managing director of technical development Paul Rosche oversaw the project. The increased total displacement to 2.3 liters. The racing version created 300 hp at 8,200 rpm.
the M3 had a commanding presence on the international touring car racing scene for five years. It became the most successful touring car of all times by winning the two champion’s titles in the European Touring Car Championship and twice in the German Touring Car Championship. There were also numerous further victories and championship wins at international level.
The racing debut of the M3 came at the first race for the 1987 World Touring Car Championship at Monza in March of 1987. At the end of the season, Roberto Ravaglia was standing on the podium as the first World Touring Car Champion. That same year Wilfried Vogt became the European Champion just ahead of Altfried Heger also in an M3.
From 1987 till 1990 M3s ruled the German Touring Car Championship also known as DTM. Factory-supported entries by Zakspeed, Schnitzer, Linder and Bigazzi kept BMW on top. Eric van de Poele of Zakspeed took the overall championship in 1987 while Roberto Ravaglia took the 1989 overall championship with Schnitzer.
In 1988 the M3 scored its biggest win at the 24-hours of Nürburgring with a 1-2 victory for Pirro/Ravaglia/Giroix and Heger/Grohs/Manthey.
By 1990 the engine capacity was rasied to 2.5-liters and a larger version of the S14 was prepared that could produce 340 bhp.
Despite the homolagtion requirements, the Group A version of the M3 was drastically different than the road-going version. This is most apparent in the price difference between to two. $120,000 USD was the factory price for a new race ready M3 while the US spec M3 sold for $34,000.
|tags||e30, groupa, 3er, dtm|
|submitted by||Richard Owen|
|type||Series Production Car|
|price $||$ 120,000|
|displacement||2493 cc / 152.1 in³|
|bore||95.5 mm / 3.76 in|
|stroke||87 mm / 3.43 in|
|power||246.1 kw / 330 bhp @ 6500 rpm|
|specific output||132.37 bhp per litre|
|bhp/weight||351.06 bhp per tonne|
|torque||290.15 nm / 214.0 ft lbs @ 7500 rpm|
|front brakes||Discs w/6-Piston Calipers|
|rear brakes||Discs w/4-Piston Calipers|
|front wheels||F 45.7 x 22.9 cm / 18.0 x 9.0 in|
|rear wheels||R 45.7 x 22.9 cm / 18.0 x 9.0 in|
|steering||Rack & Pinion|
|f suspension||MacPherson Struts w/Adjustable Anti-Roll Bars|
|r suspension||Trailing Arms w/Adjustable Anti-Roll Bars|
|curb weight||940 kg / 2072 lbs|
|gear ratios||2.337:1, 1.681:1, 1.358:1, 1.150:1, 1.000:1|
|top speed||~281.6 kph / 175.0 mph|
|0 – 60 mph||~4.3 seconds|